Helm Crag and Dunmail Raise

From Dow Bank above Chapel Stile in Great Langdale.

Helm Crag is the 405m high peak left of centre.

Dunmail Raise is the pass in the far distance between Grasmere and Thirlemere. It takes his name from King Dunmail, one of the kings of Cumberland. In AD 945 Dunmail formed an allegiance with the vikings of Galloway and the Scottish Isles which upset the Saxon King Edmund. Edmund sent an army across the Pennines at Stainmore and defeated Dunmail supposedly at the pass. As an example Edmund ordered Dunmail’s two sons to be blinded and his lands given to King Malcolm of Scotland.

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