Roseberry from Aireyholme

Early morning and the sun is just catching the summit. Aireyholme Farm is of course the boyhood home of Capt. James Cook so this view would have been familiar to him. “Airey” means a high pasture and is said to derive from the Old Irish/Norse word Airgh. So it would perhaps have been used as a shieling in the summer. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Ergun and later in the 12c as Erghum.

The other part of the name, “holme”, comes from the Old Scandinavian word, holmr, for a water meadow. This seems to me to be a bit of a contradiction, implying a low lying area by a river. Maybe the area hollow where the farm is was marshy when the Vikings first came.

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