Clay Bank – the Great Landslip of 1872

In 1872 a great landslip occurred on Clay Bank covering the main Stokesley to Helmsley road to a depth of up to 24 feet and a length of 250 yards with rocks, shale and soil. The aftermath was a legal action before the Queen’s Bench of the High Court of Justice.

At the time upkeep of roads was the responsibility of the local inhabitants, in this case the township of Greenhow, a mere handful of farmers. They were faced with two options: attempt to repair the road by removing the debris, providing drainage and stabilising the slope, or, divert traffic via an existing route though the village of Ingleby Greenhow suitably upgraded but 1½ miles longer and with several gates to negotiate. The estimate for repairing the existing road was a staggering £100,000; something around £11million in today’s money. Naturally the inhabitants of Greenhow proposed the diversion. They didn’t use the old route anyway.

The inhabitants of Bilsdale however were not pleased. They wanted the old route repairing as that was more convenient for them to the market town of Stokesley. They resorted to legal action.

So 4 years later, in 1876, the case of Regina v Inhabitants of Greenhow was finally heard. Without going into too much detail the case was decided in favour of the inhabitants of Bilsdale and the inhabitants of Greenhow had to bear the cost by the levy of a special parish rate. A donation by the lord of the manor of Ingleby, Lord De L’Isle and Dudley, helped reduce this rate. Also the inhabitants of Bilsdale offered labour and transport to help reinstate the road.

In the 1930s the County Council constructed a new lower road we use today but the line of the old road can still be followed as a Public Footpath. The upper part of the landslip is much broken. Lower down pine trees were planted as opposed to larch in an attempt to stabilise the slope.

Ingleby Greenhow

I first came to this area in 1969 with my Dad and a party of walkers from the Nottinghamshire District Association of the Camping Club of GB&I. We were attempting the Lyke Wake Walk and camping for the duration near the village of Ingleby Greenhow. On arrival on the Friday night we went to the village pub, the Dudley Arms, seen here taking up most of the right of the range of buildings. In 1969 however I remember the Dudley Arms as being just the front room of a single two up two down cottage. The kitchen table as I recall served as the bar.

The name “Ingleby” occurs in lots of village names around here: Ingleby Arncliffe, Ingleby Barwick and of course here at Ingleby Greenhow. It is said the name comes from the old English word “Engle” meaning English or Anglian. The “..by” bit is Scandinavian for village suggesting that the name came from referring to an Anglian village within an area largely populated by Scandinavian settlers.